The three Prime areas are the main focus of a child’s development during their first three years, being the building blocks for the foundation of any future learning they carry out.
Focuses on a child’s ability to listen and pay attention, understand and comprehend concepts, and being able to communicate and express themselves in different ways
Assesses how a child is able to form relationships and connect with others, be confident and self-aware, and manage their own feelings and behaviour
Involves children being active in their learning and developing control, coordination and movement. Children are supported in understanding the importance of maintaining their own personal hygiene and making healthy choices during meal times.
The four Specific areas are the secondary focus of a child’s focus between the ages of two to five years, as they to prepare for school.
Assessing how a child uses phonics to decode words to read, understand and write simple sentences. They start to read and write some irregular common words. They begin to start understanding what is read, and having discussions about this. They begin to write simple sentences which can be read by themselves and others, with some words are spelt correctly and others are phonetically plausible.
A child’s use of numbers and being able to count to twenty. Understanding the concept of more or less than. Using quantities and objects to add or subtract. A child starts solving problems such as doubling, halving and sharing. A child will start to use everyday language to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money. They are able recognise, create and describe patterns. They explore characteristics of objects and shapes, using mathematical language to describe them.
How a child discusses past and present events in their own lives and in the lives of family members. They understand other children don’t always enjoy the same things, and are sensitive to this. They know about similarities and differences between themselves and others, among families, communities and traditions. A child will also have knowledge of the similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials and living things. They make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur, and talk about changes.
How a child sing songs, make music and dance, and experiment with ways of changing them. They are able to use and explore a variety of materials, tools and techniques, experimenting with colour, design, texture, form and function. A child is creative representing their own ideas, thoughts and feelings through design and technology, art, music, dance, role play and stories.